Sage Grouse

Scientific Name
Centrocercus urophasianus
2’ tall, weighs 2-7 lbs
Dry, shrubby meadows with abundant sagebrush
Federal species of concern
Sage grouse


Sagebrush meadows in eastern Oregon provide the sage grouse with its year-round home and food source. These chicken-like birds are brownish-gray with white flecks and black bellies and tails. The sage grouse has a very distinct mating ritual—the males gather in groups called “leks” and put on a display for their female audience that includes strutting around while spreading their tail and wing feathers and inflating the air sacs on their chests to let off a loud popping noise. Females choose a male from the lek and after mating with him, find a suitable place under a sage bush to make their nest. Cover under sage bushes also provides sage grouse with protection from predators, as they can’t fly far enough to evade predation.

Why does it need our help?

Sage grouse rely on very specific habitat conditions to maintain healthy populations. Since sagebrush makes up more than 90% of their diet, large expanses of the meadows where this plant grows are important to protect. Unfortunately, sagebrush is not a very resilient plant, and can take decades to fully recover from large fires or improper range management. Exploitation of this habitat for agriculture or fossil fuels is also problematic. The fragility of sagebrush ecosystems gives the destruction of sage grouse habitat a particularly intense effect on the population size of the birds. Sage grouse are a species of concern for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services, but have not yet been listed under the Endangered Species Act. To keep these birds off the list, it is important to conserve what is left of the sagebrush meadows they call home.

Explore Oregon Wild's work to protect the wilderness and Eastern forests the Sage Grouse depends on. Look at a map of proposed wilderness areas throughout Oregon that will help ensure the survival of the Sage Grouse. 

Did you know?

  • Sage grouse are the only members of their family that cannot digest seeds—they only eat the soft leaves of sagebrush and various insects.
  • Sage grouse walk most of the time, as they can only fly for very short distances.
  • In the fall, sage grouse develop fringe on the sides of their feet that act as snow-shoes to help them traverse the deep snow in winter.
See a sage grouse lek in action!

See more photos of sage grouse here.

Photo Credits
Photo courtesy of Pacific Southwest Region U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.